Full text: Pergaeus, Apollonius: The two books of Apollonius Pergaeus, concerning tangencies, as they have been restored by Franciscus Vieta and Marinus Ghetaldus

a circle which ſhall paſs through the given point, and likewiſe touch both the
given line and the given circle.

The given right line may either 1ſt cut, touch, or be entirely without the
given circle, and the given point be without the ſame or in the circum-
ference; or 2dly, it may cut the given circle, and the given point be within
the ſame, or in the circumference.

Case Iſt. Suppoſe the given line BC to cut, touch, or fall entirely with-
out the given circle; and the given point A to be without the ſame, or in the
circumference: through G the center of the given circle draw DGFC per-
pendicular to BC, and joining DA, take DH a 4th proportional to DA, DC,
DF, ſo that DA X DH = DC X DF: then through the points A and H draw
a circle touching the line CB by Problem VII, and I ſay it will alſo touch the
given circle.

Draw DB cutting the given circle in E, and join FE. Now becauſe the
triangles DEF, DCB are ſimilar, DF: DE: : DB: DC, and therefore DC
X DF = DB X DE. But DC X DF = DA X DH by Conſtruction. Hence
DB X DE = DA X DH, and therefore the points B, E, H, A, will be alſo in
a circle: but the point E is alſo in the given circle; therefore theſe circles either
touch or cut one another in that point. Let now BI be drawn from the point
of contact B perpendicular to the touching line BC to meet the circumference
again in I, and it will be a Diameter: and let EI be joined: then becauſe the
angles FED and BEI are vertical and each of them right ones, FEI will be a
continued ſtraight line: and it appears that the two circles will touch each
other by the preceding Lemmas.

Case 2d. Suppoſe the given line BC to cut the given circle, and the given
point to be within the ſame, or in the circumference; the Conſtruction and De-
monſtration are exactly the ſame as before, except that the angles FED and
BEI are not vertical but coincident, and ſo EI is coincident with EF.

N. B. In either of theſe caſes if the point A coincide with E or be given in
the circumference, draw DEB, and erect BI perpendicular to CB to meet FE in
I, then upon BI as diameter deſcribe a circle, and the thing will manifeſtly be done.


Having two circles given in magnitude and poſition, whoſe centers are A
and B, as likewiſe a right line CZ; to draw a circle which ſhall touch all three.

From the center of the leſſer circle B let BZ be drawn perpendicular to CZ,
and in BZ (or in BZ continued as the caſe requires) let be taken ZX = AL the
Radius of the other circle; and through X let XH be drawn parallel to CZ,
and with center B and Radius BG, equal to the difference ( or ſum as the Caſe
requires) of the Radii of the two given circles, let a circle be deſcribed; and laſtly

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