Full text: Bacon, Francis: Sylva sylvarum

Century IV. Clay-water; and thirdly, Water upon Chalk; Fourthly, that upon Sand; and worſt of all, upon Mud. Neither may you truſt Waters that taſte ſweet,
for they are commonly found in Riſing grounds of great Cities, which muſt
needs take in a great deal of filth.



IN Pera, and divers parts of the Weſt-Indies, though under the Line, the
Heats are not ſo intolerable, as they be in Barbary, and the Skirts of the
Torrid Zone. The cauſes are, firſt, the great Brizes which the motion of the
Airin great Circles (ſuch as are under the Girdle of the World) produceth,
which do refrigerate; and therefore in thoſe parts, Noon is nothing ſo hot
when the Brizes are great, as about nine or ten of the clock in the Fore-
noon. Another cauſe is, for that the length of the Night, and the Dews
thereof, do compence the Heat of the day. A third cauſe is, the ſtay of the
Sun; not in re pect of day and night (for that we ſpake of before) but in
reſpect of the Seaſon: For under the Line, the Sun croſſeth the Line, and
maketh two Summers and two Winters; but in the skirts of the Torrid
Zone, it doubleth and goeth back again, and ſo maketh one long


touching the
Heat under
the Æqui-

THe heat of the Sun maketh Men black in ſome Countreys, as in c [?] Æ-
thiopia and Guinny, & c Fire doth it not as we ſee in Glaſs-Men, that are
continually about the Fire. The reaſon may be, becauſe Fire doth lick up
the Spirits and Blood of the Body, ſo as they exhale; ſo that it ever maketh
Men look Pale and Sallow; but the Sun which is a gentler heat, doth but
draw the Blood to the out ward parts, and rather concocteth it, then ſoaketh
it: And thereſore, we ſee that all Æthiopes are fleſhly, plump, and have
great Lips. All which betoken moiſture retained, and not drawn out. We
ſee alſo, that the Negroes are bred in Countreys that have plenty of Water,
by Rivers or otherwiſe: For Mero, which was the Metropolis of Æthiopia,
was upon a great Lake; and Congo, where the Negroes are, is full of Rivers. And the confines of the River Niger, where the Negroes alſo are, are
well watered; and the Region about Capo Verde is likewiſe moiſt, inſo-
much, as it is peſtilent through moiſture: But the Countreys of the Abyſ-
ſenes, and Barbary, and Peru, where they are Tawney and Olivaſter, and Pale,
are generally more ſandy and dry. As for the Æthiopes, as they are plump
and fleſhly, ſo (it may be) they are Sanguine and Ruddy coloured, if their
Black Skin would ſuffer it to be ſeen.


touching the
Coloration of
Black and
Tawny Mocrs.

SOme Creatures do move a good while after their head is off, as Birds. Some a very little time, as Men and all Beaſts. Some move, though cut
in ſeveral pieces, as Snakes, Eels, Worms, Flies, & c. Firſt, therefore it is
certain, that the immediate cauſe of Death, is the reſolution or extinguiſh-
ment of the Spirits; and that the deſtruction or corruption of the Organs,
is but the mediate cauſe. But ſome Organs are ſo peremptorily neceſſary,
that the extinguiſhment of the Spirits doth ſpeedily follow; but yet ſo, as
there is an in terim of a ſmall time. It is reported by one of the Ancients, of
credit, That a Sacrificed Beaſt hath lowed after the Heart hath been ſevered; and it is a report alſo of credit, That the Head of a Pig hath been opened,
and the Brain put into the Palm of a Mans Hand, trembling, without
breaking any part of it, or ſevering it from the Marrow of the Back-bone: during which time, the Pig hath been, in all appearance, ſtark dead, and
without motion: And after a ſmall time the Brain hath been replaced

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