Full text: Apian, Petrus: Cosmographia

95. Inſularum ſumma enarratio.

EVROPÆ INSVLÆ. ¶ Inſulæ quæ Marimediter- raneo alluuntur. Creta modo candia # 54.0|34.45 Gortina ci. v. Cortijn # 54.15|34.10 Minoa, patria Strabonis Cof- mographi. # 53.0|35.0|35.0 ¶ Cretæ adiacent inſulæ. Clandus, porto gaboſo # 52.30|34.0 Letoa inſ. # 54.30|34.30 Dia inſ. # 54.30|35.40 Cimolis inſ. # 55.30|34.30 Melos inſ. vulg. Mil # 54.0|35.30 ¶ Peloponneſo adia. inſulæ. Epla inſ. vel Pityuſa # 54.15|31.40 Cythera, v. Porphiris # 50.0|34.20 Salamis inſ. # 50.0|37.0 Sphargia inſ. vulgo Sphagie # 48.0|35.0 Ægina inſ. # 52.10|36.45 Strophades, vul. Plote # 47.30|36.0 Prote, inſ. # 47.50|35.20 ¶ Achaiæ adiacent hæ. Euboea quæ Abantis dicitur, mo- do Nigropontus # 53.40|38.15 Thera # 52.0|35.25 Cia # 54.15|36.40 Iulis aut Iulida # 54.20|36.55 Polyægos inſ. # 54.40|36.15 Theraſia, v. Sãctorinũ # 54.45|36.18 Delos inſ. # 55.25|37.20 Rhena inſ. # 55.5|37.10 Phorbiũ in Mycono # 55.45|37.10 Olyarus inſ. # 45.20|36.30 Myconos inſ. # 55.40|37.10 Cythnos inſ. # 54.55|36.30 ¶ Cycladum inſulæ & ci. Andros inſ. & ci. # 55.0|37.12 Naxos inſ. & ci. # 55.20|37.0 Sunium inſ. # 55.20|36.50 Tenos inſ. # 55.5|37.30 Scyros inſ. # 54.15|37.15 Paros inſ. # 55.12|36.20 Siphnos inſ. # 55.15|36.45 ¶ Epiro adiacent inſulæ. Corcyra nigra, nunc Corfu ſiue Corfinium dicitur # 45.40|38.15 Cephalenia inſ. # 47.40|37.10 Scopelus inſ. # 47.45|37.55 Ithaca inſ. # 48.0|37.30 Ericuſa inſ. # 46.40|38.0 Lotoa inſ. # 47.0|36.45 Zacynthus, vel zãtus # 47.30|36.30 ¶ Inmari Ionio Macedo- niæ adiacent inſ. Saſonis inſ. # 44.10|39.30 ¶ In Ægæo pelago. Scopelos inſ. # 52.30|39.20 Sciathos inſ. # 52.10|39.15 Scyros inſ. # 54.0|29.0 Lemnos inſ. # 52.30|41.0 Peparethus inſ. # 52.50|39.0 ¶ Inſulæ Thraciæ adia. ſub Boſphoro occid. Cyanæum inſ. # 56.20|44.0 ¶ In Propontide. Preconeſus inſ. # 55.30|42.0 ¶ Inſulæ in Ægæo mari. Samothracia inſ. # 52.30|41.15 Talaſſia, vul. Thaſſos # 51.45|41.30 Imbros inſ. # 53.20|41.15 ¶ In mediterraneo Miſiæ. Pauca, inſula facta à Danubio # 55.20|46.30 ¶ In mari Euxino Miſiæ. Boriſthenes inſ. # 57.15|47.40 Achillis, inſula alba, vel Leuce # 57.30|46.40 GRAPH. PETRI AP. ¶ Iuxta Tanaim. Alopetia inſ. # 66.30|53.30 ¶ Siciliæ deſcriptio. Sicilia olim Sicania, Trinachria vel Triquetra dicta eſt, alluitur ab occaſu & Sep. Tyrrheno mari, à meridie Aphrico, ab oriẽte Adria tico. Mediũ eius # 38.15|37.0 Ætna mons, vul. Gibello, perpe- tuo igne ardens, cuius fundus eſt de Tofo lapide nigro & poroſo, quo in balneis vtimur # 39.0|38.0 Pachynus promõt ori # 40.0|36.20 Pelorus promõt. ſep. # 39 20|38.30 Promontorium illud habet à dex tris, id eſt, verſus Italiam, Scyllam, à leuo Carybdim. Eſt igitur his in locis mare nautis periculoſum. Lelybeus promontorium occi. # 37.0|36.0 ¶ Iuxta Siciliam inſ. Euonymus # 39.30|38.45 Lipara inſ. # 39.0|38.45 Vulcani inſ. # 38.50|38.35 Didymæ inſ. # 39.0|39.0 Ericodes inſ. # 38.20|38.45 Phœnicodes inſ. # 38.20|38 50 Hiceſia inſ. # 39.30|39.0 Strogylæ inſ. # 39.30|39.45 Oſterides inſ. # 36.15|37.0 Vſtica inſ. # 37.30|38.45 Phorbantia inſ. # 36.0|36.20 Æguſa inſ. # 36.15|35.50 Paconia inſ. # 36.30|25.5 Æoli inſ. # 37.0|39.0 Sacra, vel Hiera inſ. # 36.0|36.0 ¶ Sardiniæ inſulæ deſcrip. Sardinia olim Sãdaliotis & Ichnu ſa ab occidente, Sandano alluitur pelago, ab oriente, Tyrrheno, à meridie, Aphrico. Medium eius habet # 30.0|38.0 ¶ Sardiniæ adia. mſulæ Ficaria inſ. # 33.0|37.20 Molibolis inſula ſiue Plombea # 30.30|35.30 Hieracum, hoc eſt, acci- pitrum inſ. # 30.0|35.45 Hermæa inſ. # 33.0|39.0 Nymphæa inſ. # 29.45|39.30 Ilua inſ. # 36.20|39.20 Phintonis inſ. # 30.40|39.5 Herculis inſ. # 39.20|39.0 Diabata inſ. # 29.20|38.45 ¶ Corſicæ inſulæ deſcrip. Corſica quam Græci Cyrnam ap pellant, ſiue Cyreneam, cingitur à Sep. & occaſu Liguſtico mari: ab ortu Tyrrheno, habet medium # 29.20|40.50 ¶ Italiæ adiacentes inſulæ in Tyrrheno pelago. Sirenum inſulæ tres # 39.30|49.55 *Sirenes, tres fuere meretrices, & totidem Inſulæ: Parthenope, Lu- coſia, & Ligya ſcilicet. id eſt, vir- go, alba, canora, inde prouerbium de Sirenũ vocibus, blãdicijs, & pe riculis, quod etiam in Sirenes no- ſtri ſæculi optimè quadrat. Caprea inſ. # 39.20|40.10 Pithecuſa inſ. # 39.20|40.30 Prochytha inſ. # 38.45|40.40 Parthenope inſ. # 38.20|40.45 Pandatoria inſ. # 37.50|40.45 Pontia inſ. patria Pilati # 37.20|40.45 Planaſia inſ. # 34.0|41.0 In Liguctico mari. Æthala inſ. # 30.40|42.0 Capraria inſ. # 32.0|42.0 Ilua inſ. # 33.20|42.0 In Ionio mari. Diomedeæ inſu. # 40.50|43.0 Liburniæ adiacentes inſulæ. Abſorrhus inſ. # 36.50|44.30 Curicta, vulg. vegia # 39.20|44.15 Scardona inſ. # 40.50|43.30 SECVNDA PARS COSMO. ¶ Dalmatiæ adiacentes inſulæ. Iſſa vel Liſſa # 42.20|43.0 Tragurium inſ. # 43.0|42.45 Corcyra aut Carſula # 44.0|41.45 Meligena inſ. # 44.10|41.20 ¶ Tarr. Hiſpan. adia. in mari Balearico inſulæ duæ no- mine Pithyuſæ. Ophiuſa, vulg. la dragonera # 14.50|38.20 Ebyſſus # 14.0|38.5 ¶ Balearidis inſulæ duæ quæ Græcæ Gymne- ſiæ appellantur. Maiorica inſ. Mallorca # 16.45|39.15 Minorica inſ. Menorca # 17.30|39.30 ¶ Narbonenſi adia. inſulæ in Mari Gallico. Agatha inſ. # 22.30|42.10 Blaſcon inſ. # 23.30|42.20 Stychades inſ. numero. 5. # 25.0|42.15 Lerone inſ. # 27.15|42.15 ¶ In freto Gaditano. Gades, vel Gadira, vulg. Calis malis # 5.10|36.46 ¶ Inſulæ in Oceano Septen- trionali & Atlantico. ¶ Luſita. Hiſp. adiacet inſula Londobris, v. Barlingas # 3.0|41.0 ¶ Tarr. Hiſp adiacent inſul. in Cantabrico oceano. Scopuli inſ. tres habent medium # 9.0|46 45 Cattiderides, medium iſtarum # 4.0|45.30 Deorum inſ. duæ # 4.42|42.20 Cathendes inſ. # 4.0|46.0 Trileucæ inſ. # 9.0|47.0 ¶ In Atlantico. 7 inſulæ. Gratioſa inſ. # 356.0|39.0 Depico inſ. # 355.0|38.0 S. Michaelis inſ. # 357.0|38.0 S. Mar@æ inſ. # 357.0|37.0 S. Georgi@ inſ. # 354.0|39.0 Chriſti inſ. # 356 0|37.0 Faual inſ. # 355.0|36.0 ¶ Inſulæ Oceano Germani- co complexæſunt hæ. Angliæ regninunc, P@o. Albionis Inſulæ Britãnicæ inſigniores Ci. Medium eius habet # 14.0|54.30 Cantuaria, Catelberg # 14.55|52.8 Oxonium, Oxfort # 11.50|52.41 Londonium, modo Londinum, vulg. Londen # 13.20|52.30 ¶ Albioni adiacent inſulæ iuxta Orcada. Ocetis inſ. # 32.40|60.45 Du@@a inſ. # 30.0|61.40 ¶ Orchades inſulæ. 30. Media habet inter illas # 30.0|61.40 ¶ Supra has. Thyle, cuius medium # 33.0|63.0 ¶ Scotiæ inſulæ Ciui. Scotiæ medium # 20.0|57.0 Etenburgũ ci. Ptol. Alata Caſtra vulg. Edenburg # 19.18|57.13 Efaguẽſis ſolennis ci. # 20.17|57.33 Eboracum, vulg. York, ciuitas # 18.0|57.0 ¶ Hiberniæ nunc Irlandiæ inſulæ ciuitates. Irlandia eſt inſula fœcunda & ſa- lubris, ſerpentibus & venenoſis reptilibus carens. Hiberniæ medium # 7.30|57.0 Reba ciuitas # 6.40|57.20 Purgatorium S. Patricij, eſt antrũ in quo horrẽda ſpectacula cõſpi- ciũtur, & nõ longe ab illo lacus in quo inſula parua mediterranea, cuius incolę cũ in agonia ſunt, nõ moriũtur ibidem, niſi in aliud li@ GRAPH. PETRI AP. tus traijciantur # 6.42|58.50 Lamon ciui. # 7.5|56.30 ¶ Hiberniæ ſuperiacent 5. inſulæ Ebudæ dictæ Ebuda occ. # 15.0|62.0 Ebuda ori. # 15.40|62.0 Rhicina # 17.0|62.0 Maleos inſ. # 17.30|62.10 Epidium inſ. # 18.30|62.15 ¶ Hiberniæ adiacent in parte orientis Inſulæ hæ. Monarina inſ. # 17.20|61.30 Mona inſ. vulg. Man # 15.0|57.40 Edros deſerta # 15.0|59.20 Limnos deſerta # 15.0|59.0 ¶ Iſlandæ Inſulæ ſitus & Ci. *Iſlandia Inſula eſt regno Norue giæ parens, Miraculisq@ue rerum & euentuum inſolitorum clari- tate prędicanda: de quibus Saxo Grammaticus in ſuæ Daniæ præ fatione, & Olaus Gothus in ſua partium Septentrionaliũ deſcri- ptione meminerunt. Sunt in ea tres montes ſuſpiciendæ altitudi nis, quoruin cacuminibus perpe tua nix ſedet: Infima vero ſimi- lis cum Ætna naturæ, ſempiter- no ardore exeſtuant: Vnus inter eos Helga, alter mons Crucis, Tercius Hecla dicitur, cuius flam ma neque ſtupam lucernarum l@ minibus aptiſſimam adurit, neq; aqua extinguitur, eo´que impetu quo apud nos machinis bellieis globi eijciũtur, illinc lapides ma- gni in aera mittuntur, ex frigoris ſulphuris & ignis commixtione. Iuxta hos montes ſunt tres hia- tus immanes, quorum altitudinẽ a pud montem Hecla potiſſimũ, ne lynceus quidem perſpicere queat, ſed apparent ipſum inſpi- cientibus, homines primum ſub- merſi adhuc ſpiritum exalantes, qui amicis ſuis vt ad propria re- deant hortantibus, magnis ſuſpi rijs ſe ad montem Hecla profi- ciſci debere reſpõdent, ſic´q; ſub- ito euaneſcunt. Circum verò in- ſulam per ſeptem aut octo men- ſes fluctuat glacies, miſerabilem quendam gemitũ, & ab humana voce non alienum ex colliſione ædens. Putant´q; incolæ & in mõ te Hecla & glacie, loca eſſe, in qui- bus animæ ſuorum cruciantur. Quòd ſi ex hac glacie magnam quis partẽ ceperit, eam´q; vaſi au@ ſcrinio incluſam quàm diligen- tiſſimè adſeruarit, illa, tempore glaciei quæ circũ inſulam eſt de- gelantis, euaneſcit, vt neq; mini- ma eiuſdem particula neq; guttu la aquæ reperiatur. Non procul ab his montibus ad maritimas oras vergẽtib@ ſunt quatuor fon- tes diuerſiſimæ naturæ. Primus ſuo perpetuo ardore omne cor- pus ſibi immiſſum raptim con- uertit in ſaxum, manente tamen priori forma. Secundus eſt algo ris intolerabilis. Tertius vel mel- le dulcior, & reſtinguendo ſiti iu- cundiſſimus. Quartus eſt planè exitialis, peſtilens, & virulentus. Præterea eſt apud hos fontes tan ta ſulphuris copia, vt mille librę paruo, nempe decima ducati par te coemantur. Merces eorũ præ- cipuæ ſunt piſces torridi & exic- cati, nimirũ ſoleæ, ſalpæ, paſſeres & huiuſmodi, quos frumento alijs´q; rebus commutãt cum ijs, SECVNDA PARS COSMO. qui Lubeca, Hamburgo & Amſtel redamo illuc nauigant. Namque apud eos in tantũ idq́; crebro per penuriam annona inualeſcit, vt piſcibus torridis pro pane vulgo vtantur, quamuis æſtate etiamnũ florenti optimis & ſpirantibus pratis fic abundent, vt armenta (ne pinguedine ſuffocentur) ab ipſis coercenda ſint. Conficitur apud hos optimum & medicinæ vſui aptiſſimum butyrum. Repe riuntur ibidem Falcones, Accipi tres, Corui, Vrſi, Lepores & Vul- pes cùm niuei tum atri coloris. Equos habent velociſſimos, qui ſine intermiſſione triginta mi- liaria citato curſu conficiũt. Tem pla habent multa, & domos ex oſ ſibus piſcium & balenarum con- ſtructas. Non patet in hanc inſu- lam nauigatio, niſi æſtiua eaq́ue quadrimeſtris, propter glacié & frigora, quibꝰ intercluditur iter. Si autem inter nautas de portus cõmoditate potienda diſceptan- tes aliquod bellũ nauale in mari cooriatur, quamuis id reſciſcat loci præfectus, nullo illi damno mulctantur, propter ea quòd hu ius nõ ſit de his quæ mari, ſed quę terra duntaxat aguntur, decer- nere. Periclitantur etiam quàm ſepiſſime naues propter balenas, & id genus marinas beluas, niſi nauclerus ſibi prudenter proſpi- ciens, per vaſa vacua mari im- miſſa ſonitusq́ue tubarum longe à naui eas propellat. Cytharœdi & qui teſtudine ludunt, apud eos reperiuntur quàm plurimi, qui prędulci modulamine & volucres & piſces irretiant & capiũt. Mul- ti etiã ad pellendã frigoris aſperi tatem in cauernis latitant, quem admodum Africani ad calorem æſtiuum vitandũ faciunt. Eſt in vertice cuiuſdam montis nomi- ne VV eyſzarch, inter Iſlandiam & Gruntlandiam, à duobus pi- ratis Pinnigt & Pothorſt, con- ſtructum magnitudinis admiran dæ Quadratum nauticum, in gra tiam nauigantium, vt ſe à peri- culis quę ſunt Gruntlandiam ver ſus defendant. Eius medium # 7.0|65.30 Harſol ciui. # 7.40|60.42 Thirtes ciui. # 5.50|64.44 Nadar ciui. # 6.40|57.20 ¶ Seelandiæ Scaniæ ſitus à Ptho. Scandia dicta. Eius medium # 34.20|56.15 Roſchilde Epiſcopalis # 34.16|56.20 Hafnia, vul. Coppenhage. # 35.29|56.30 ¶ Huic adiacent Inſulæ. Femara inſ. # 30.15|55.55 Gotlandia inſ. # 48.0|60.0 ¶ Trimoantes Inſulæ. Toliapis, vulg. Tenet # 23.0|54.20 Counos, vulg. Shepey # 24.0|54.30 Vectis inſ. # 19.20|52.20 ¶ Seelandiæ Belgicæ Ciui. Middelburgum emp. # 18.26|51.48 Ziericzee # 19.0|52.0

96. ¶ Europæ inſularum finis.

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