Full text: Gravesande, Willem Jacob: An essay on perspective

on PERSPECTIVE. the Geometrical Plane, make Angles with the baſe
Line, equal to thoſe Angles that the Lines whereof
they are the Appearances, make with the Parallels
to the baſe Line, which cut them; and conſequently
the ſaid Appearances are parallel between them-
ſelves.

This is evident, becauſe the Appearances of
Lines parallel to the baſe Line, are parallel to
the ſaid Line; and the Appearances of the in-
clined Lines are parallel to theſe Lines.

14. Theorem II.

8, 9. The Repreſentation of a Figure, parallel to
the perſpective Plane, is ſimilar to the ſaid Figure; and
the Sides of the ſaid Figure are to their Repreſen-
tations, as the Diſtance of the Eye from the Plane
of the Figure, to the Diſtance of the Eye from the
perſpective Plane.

The given Figure is A B C D. We are firſt to
prove, that its Repreſentation a b c d, is ſimilar
thereto; that is, that the correſponding Angles
of theſe two Figures A B C D, a b c d, are equal,
and their Sides proportional.

14.1.

Fig. 4.

I. The Angles are equal, becauſe the Lines of which the two Figures conſiſt, are parallel be-
tween themſelves.

14.1.

4.

II. In the ſimilar Triangles A D O, and a d o,
we have
A D: a d : : O D : O d.

And in the ſimilar Triangles O D C, and O d c,
we have
D C : d c : : O D : O d. then
A D: a d : : D c : d c. altern. A D : D C : : a d : d c.

And conſequently the Sides A D, and D C of
the Figure A B C D, are Proportional to the

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