Full text: Oswald, Hans: Soziale Beziehungen und Interaktionen unter Grundschulkindern

one can gather much additional information about the life 
situation and the family of the child, and one can observe the 
children from a close proximity without being intrusive. In 
addition, children in modern classrooms have a great deal of 
freedom to move around the classroom. We were amazed by the 
amount of peer interactions which go unobserved by the teacher 
These interactions are either independent of the instruction 
frame, or within the framework of the instruction, but 
nonetheless are typical peer interactions which are not 
intruded upon by adults. An especially rich source of in- 
formation comes from the beginning and the end of instruction 
periods. We recommend, therefore, to start the observation 
before the beginning of the instruction period and to continue 
right through the breaks between periods. A bit more difficult 
to conduct, but highly recommended, are observations on the 
playground during recess. 
Access to School: Even the most friendly and unobstrusive 
researcher brings a certain amount of disturbance into the life 
of the school. Therefore, it is important to speak to everyone 
involved in advance, and to build up a good relationship with 
them. It is particularly important to discuss the project's 
scientific objectives and theoretical framework with the head 
of the school. He should be informed about the exact schedule, 
he should receive regular reports about the ongoing work, and 
he should get copies of all publications. We also discussed our 
research at faculty meetings several times. Good relationships 
with the superintendent of the building and the secretaries are 
useful, for you may need their assistance at various times. It 
is of greatest importance to find a homeroom teacher who is 
interested in cooperating and working with this kind of 
project. It is easier to get a teacher to accept researchers in 
his/her classroom if one emphasizes that the instruction and 
behavior of the teacher is not the concern of the study. We 
promised all teachers involved that we would not publish 
anything about their instruction, teaching style, teacher-

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