Full text: Oswald, Hans: Soziale Beziehungen und Interaktionen unter Grundschulkindern

Anhang 2: Englische Fassung der Beobachtungsanweisung 
Observation Guideline 
"Everyday Life of School Children" 
The object of these observations are the interactions between 
same-age children (peers), which are uninfluenced by adults. 
Age: In our previous research, we observed children in grades 
1, 4, and 6. Observations among the 10 year old children are 
the easiest to conduct because they not only have a clear 
understanding of the observer's intentions, but they are also 
able to quickly forget the researcher's presence and behave in 
their usual manner. In contrast, the 6 year olds often approach 
the researcher because they consider being "looked at" as an 
invitation for communication, because they like the researcher, 
and because they want the researcher to help them with their 
schoolwork or to play with them. The 12 year olds start to 
distance themselves from the researcher, and they control their 
behavior more than usual in the researcher's presence. Thus, we 
experienced that the observations of children between ages 9 - 
11 are the easiest to conduct. 
Place: Most observations are conducted in the classroom during 
the instruction period, during the breaks between periods, and 
outside on the playground during recess. One could argue 
against this decision, that it would be better to observe 
children in unstructured settings where they are on their own 
(eg. on the streets, parks, or playgrounds near their neigh- 
borhoods). We agree that school instruction forms a frame which 
suppresses some common patterns of interaction between 
children. However, our rationale for using the classroom set¬ 
ting stems from the following facts: the same children are 
available for repeated observations over a long period of time,

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