Full text: Vitruvius: M. Vitrvvivs Per Iocvndvm Solito Castigatior Factvs Cvm Figvris Et Tabvla Vt Iam Legi Et Intelligi Possit

LIBER tur, quæ ſtructura per totum ſolum ꝗ̃ [?] ſolidiſſima fiat, ſupra terram pa
rietes extruantur ſub columnis dimidio craſſiores, ꝗ̃ [?] columnæ ſunt fu-
turæ, vti firmiora ſint inferiora ſuperioribus, quæ ſtereobatæ appellan-
tur, nam excipiunt onera, Spirarum proiecturæ non procedant extra
ſolidum, Item ſupra, parietis ad eũdem modum craſſitudo ſeruãda eſt,
interualla autem concameranda aut ſolidanda fiſtucationibus, vti diſti-
neant̃ [?] , Sin autem ſolidum non inuenietur, ſed locus erit congeſtitius ad
imũ aut paluſter, tũc is locus fodiatur, exinaniatur, & palis alneis aut
oleagineis aut robuſteis vſtilatis cõfigatur, ſublicæ machinis adigan-
tur ꝗ̃ [?] creberrimæ, carbonibuſ expleantur interualla palorum, & tunc
ſtructuris ſolidiſſimis fundamenta impleantur, Extructis autem funda
mentis: ad libramẽtum ſtylobatæ ſunt collocandi, Supra ſtylobatas co-
lumnæ diſponendæ, quẽadmodum ſupraſcriptum eſt, ſiue in pycnoſty
lo quemadmodum pycnoſtyla, ſiue ſiſtylo aut diaſtylo aut euſtylo,
quemadmodum ſupra ſcripta ſunt & cõſtituta, In aræoſtylis enim liber
tas eſt quantum cui libet, conſtituendi, ſed ita columnæ in peripteris
collocentur, uti quot intercolumnia ſunt in fronte, totidem bis interco
lumnia fiant in lateribus, Ita enim erit duplex longitudo operis ad lati-
tudinem, Nam qui columnarum duplicationes fecerunt, errauiſſe vi
dentur, ꝙ vnum intercolumnium in longitudine plus ꝗ̃ [?] oporteat, pro
currere uidetur, Gradus in fronte ita conſtituendi ſunt, vti ſint ſemper
impares, Nam cum dextro pede primus gradus aſcendatur, item in
ſummo templo primus erit ponendus, Craſſitudines autem eorum gra
duum ita finiendas cenſeo, vt ne craſſiores dextante ne tenuiores do
drante ſint collocatæ, ſic enim durus nõ erit aſcenſus, Retractiones autẽ
graduũ nec minus ꝗ̃ [?] ſeſquipedales, nec plus ꝗ̃ [?] bipedales, faciẽdæ uiden
tur, Item ſi circa ædem gradus futuri ſunt, ad eundem modum fieri de-
bent, Sin autem circa ædem ex tribus lateribus podium faciendum erit,
ad id cõſtituatur, vti quadræ, ſpiræ, trunci, coronæ, lyſis, ad ipſum ſtylo
batam qui erit ſub columnæ ſpiris, conueniant. Stylobatam ita oportet
exæquari, vti habeat per medium adiectionẽ per ſcamillos impares, Si
enim ad libellam dirigetur, alueolatus oculo videbitur, Hoc autem vti
ſcamilli ad id conuenientes fiant, item in extremo libro forma & demõ
ſtratio erit deſcripta.

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